The original planting and layout of the square was personally designed and supervised by John Russell, the sixth Duke of Bedford, who named it after Lady Georgiana Gordon, his second wife.
Gordon Square is often considered the centre of the infamous Bloomsbury Group, the set of English writers, intellectuals, philosophers and artists.
The Bloomsbury Group’s ‘Thursday evenings’ began at 46 Gordon Square, where friends including Leonard Woolf, Lytton Strachey, Clive Bell, David Garnett, Duncan Grant, John Maynard Keynes, Roger Fry and Saxon Sidney-Turner would join Virginia and Vanessa Stephen at their home for recitals and conversations.
After marrying Clive and Vanessa Bell lived at number 46 until 1917, when economist John Maynard Keynes moved in.
Writer and biographer Lytton Strachey lived at number 51 from 1909-24, while his brother James lived at number 41 from 1919-56, with his wife Alix.