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New Testament Greek


This module offers translation, grammar (including parsing of verbs and nouns), and syntax of set portions of the Greek New Testament.

Topics covered

  • The Greek alphabet.
  • Grammar: all forms of nouns and verbs (though not principal parts of verbs, except where advised).
  • Vocabulary: two lists: ‘to learn now’ and 'to consult and store'
  • Punctuation.
  • Pronunciation.

Learning outcomes

  • Demonstrate a fairly detailed recognition and understanding of New Testament Greek vocabulary and grammatical forms with reference to the prescribed texts;
  • Demonstrate a well-organised understanding of grammar and grammatical terms (both English and Greek);
  • Show an ability to parse (describe fully the features of a ‘part of speech’;
  • Recognise punctuation marks in a printed Greek text.
  • Demonstrate an ability to translate any part of the prescribed texts (Greek to English, not English to Greek);
  • Demonstrate a systematic ability to memorise grammar and vocabulary lists;
  • Transliterate very accurately form Greek to English and from Greek to English;
  • Show some exegetical understanding of the prescribed texts.
  • Study all the New Testament writings (and much else besides) in their original language.


Three-hour examination

Indicative reading

  • Nestle-Aland, Novum Testamentum Graece (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1993), edition 26, 27 or 28 [ISBN 3438051001]
  • The Revised Standard Version of the Bible (1952, not the New Revised Standard Version, 1989).
  • B.M. Newman, A Concise Greek-English Dictionary of the New Testament (Stuttgart: German Bible Society, 1993)

or (slightly bigger but still very suitable):

  • G. Abbott-Smith, Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1981). 3rd edition.

There is no set text but the course follows in general:

  • J.W. Wenham, The Elements of New Testament Greek (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965) [ISBN 0-521-09842-4].