Elizabeth Garrett Anderson established London's New Hospital for Women in 1871 - the first hospital in Britain where only women were appointed to its medical staff. It was later renamed in her honour.
In 1865 Garrett Anderson became the first woman to qualify as a doctor in Britain when she passed the examinations of the Society of Apothecaries - they subsequently closed their exams to women to prevent others following her example.
In 1870, she became the first woman to obtain a medical degree from the University of Paris, and from 1873 was the first (and for 19 years the only) female member of the British Medical Association. In 1874, Anderson co-founded the London School of Medicine for Women, the first medical school in Britain to train women to become doctors.
Garrett Anderson was dean of the London School between 1883 and 1902, in which period it became a college of London University, and later - as the Royal Free Hospital of Medicine - part of University College London. Garrett Anderson's daughter, Louisa, a well-known suffragette and surgeon, is also included in the Leading Women campaign.