The purpose of the three-year initiative (full title ‘Pushing the boundaries: new dynamics of forced migration and transnational responses in Latin America’), which was supported by a Future Research Leader grant from the Economic and Social Research Council, was to analyse how Latin American states use transnational structures and interventions to address new security and justice challenges resulting from forced migration flows.
It involved an international group of researchers, and produced the first serious study of the dynamics of forced migration provoked not by war or government persecution but by the activities of organised criminal groups. In addition, ‘Pushing the boundaries’ spearheaded research on this ‘new’ cause of forced migration and shifted the traditional notions concerning legal protection of refugees in Latin America.
Through an historical study the project:
- developed a simpler and more elegant interpretation of the Latin American expanded refugee definition in the 1984 Cartagena Declaration
- delineated a progressive framework for protecting asylum-seekers under the Inter-American Human Rights System
- shed new light on transnational connections between asylum practices in Europe and Latin America
Collectively, these findings presented a novel model of Latin American cooperation in refugee protection as a viable alternative to regional models applied in Europe and elsewhere.
‘My colleagues and I are delighted by the recognition that this award gives to research in the field of refugees and internally displaced persons. It also benefits this overlooked region of Latin America by further publicising the need for both understanding and action on the intractable forced displacement caused by organised crime in these countries,’ said Dr David James Cantor, RLI director.
Impact on international public policy
The research has also influenced United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) protection policy relating to people fleeing criminal violence in the Northern Triangle of Central America. Between October 2015 and May 2016, Dr Cantor fed into the development of UNHCR refugee protection policy relating to El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala. This not only guides UNHCR action but also that of the region’s governments.
In addition to the rallying call it presented to researchers and policymakers worldwide, the ‘Pushing the boundaries’ project resulted in Dr Cantor taking up a one-year part-time secondment as the principal adviser to UNHCR’s Americas Bureau. He is now drafting strategy for the region, as well as other policy instruments to guide UNHCR and governments in addressing protection challenges for refugees, asylum-seekers and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs).
‘This is important recognition for an excellent and innovative project tackling an issue which is devastating for those affected, often in acutely threatening situations,’ said Professor Rick Rylance, the School of Advanced Study’s dean and University of London Pro Vice-Chancellor (Research). ‘The School is proud of it and of the work done by David Cantor and his colleagues. We are especially proud that it helps those in predicaments of dislocation and displacement. We add our warmest congratulations.’
The ‘Oscars of higher education’
Now in their 13th year the Times Higher Education Awards – the ‘Oscars of higher education’ – are a highlight of the academic calendar and a celebration of the best in UK higher education. Each year, they attract hundreds of entries in 19 categories covering the full range of university activity.
John Gill, THE’s editor, said: ‘At a time when discussion about universities is too often reduced to terms of economic impact and output alone, the stories behind the winning entries this year tell a far richer story.
Universities remain crucial to the health and well-being of the country, as well as to its prosperity, and anyone who doubts that – or who thinks that excellence is the preserve of one segment of our system – need only read about our winners to see the evidence with their own eyes.’